Thursday, January 23, 2020

A Comparison of Romantic Love in A Midsummer Nights Dream, The Tempest

Romantic Love in A Midsummer Night's Dream, The Tempest, and Twelfth Night In all of Shakespeare's plays, there is a definitive style present, a style he perfected. From his very first play (The Comedy of Errors) to his very last (The Tempest), he uses unique symbolism and descriptive poetry to express and explain the actions and events he writes about. Twelfth Night, The Tempest and A Midsummer Night's Dream are all tragicomedies that epitomise the best use of the themes and ideology that Shakespeare puts forth. Naturally, one of the most reoccurring themes in Shakespeare is romantic love. It is perhaps not a coincidence that he put so much emphasis on this elusive and enigmatic emotion. In the Elizabethan age when he was writing, the arts were being explored more fervently, and thus raw human emotions began to surface in the mainstream culture. In Twelfth Night, love is a confusing and fickle thing, as demonstrated in the relationships between Duke Orsino and Olivia; Olivia and Viola/Curio; Malvolio and Olivia (she certainly has an effect on men doesn't she?); Duke Orsino and Viola/Curio. However, the characters seem to have a love-hate relationship with Cupid. Within the first line of the play, it is glorified: "If music be the food of love, play on..." (Duke Orsino, I:I). And while Olivia is annoyed with Orsino's affection, she craves Curio's. However, Shakespeare also picks on love. Not only did Malvolio's confusion about his and Olivia's relationship prove to add to the comedy, but it rather showed how one can play with love, and use it for another's harm. Apart from this example, love is depicted as a light and lovely emotion. In A Midsummer Night's Dream, love is used to cause misch... ...ok. London: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1992. 222-43. David, R. W., ed. Shakespeare: Love's Labour's Lost. London: Methuen, 1981. Davidson, Frank. "The Tempest: An Interpretation." In The Tempest: A Casebook. Ed. D.J. Palmer. London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd., 1968. 225. Hillman, Richard   The Tempest as Romance and Anti-Romance Shakespeare Quarterly. 34 (1983), 426-432. Palmer, D.J. Shakespeare's Later Comedies: An Anthology of Modern Criticism. Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1971. Potter, Lois. Twelfth Night: Text & Performance. London: Macmillan, 1985. Schanzer, Ernest.   "_A Midsummer-Night's Dream."   26-31 in Kenneth Muir, ed. Shakespeare: The Comedies: A Collection of Critical Essays.   Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1965. Shakespeare, William. The Norton Shakespeare. Edited Stephen Greenblatt et al. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1997.   

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Erik Erikson Stages of Human Development Essay

Erik Erikson stages of human development with a particular approach of the Identity crisis of adolescence and implications for youth policy and practice. Erik Erikson`s developmental stages: The Adolescence Identity Crisis approach. â€Å"They say is human to experience a long childhood, but is also civilised to have an even longer childhood as it leads the person to achieve more technical and mental abilities known as virtuoso; at the same time it can also leave a long residue of immaturity and emotional confusion† (Erikson, 1994- Erik Hamburger Erikson, 1902-1994). In the collected works there was a researcher who spent a lot of time studying about human development and his name was Erik Erikson; most of Erikson`s work is based on real life situations such as the war and human depression which could influence the behaviour of one person, the author believed that the culture one individual lives in is also influencing their behaviour as an example of such arguments is Erikson`s study Sioux Indians investigated in a reservation. Erikson argued that the human behaviour is influenced by the body interactions, by the human mind and the overall cultural influences (Marcia, 1966). Erikson developed a theory which states that there are eight major stages in the human development dividing the adulthood developmental stages into young adults, middle age adults and older adults experience. The first stage Erikson described is the Infancy starting from birth up to 18 months also called the Oral Sensory stage and the main concept of the stage is emphasising the importance of love and care given to an infant by their mother as well as the visual contact and touch as the forms of communication and emotional exchange; this stage is also known as â€Å"Trust versus Mistrust† which stands for the infant`s basic needs accomplishment as when the infant`s needs are fulfilled by the mother as the role model the child will form trust and confidence where as if the basic needs such as visual contact are not offered by the mother it can lead the infant to develop mistrust in the closest person due to the lack of positive communication (Oswalt, 1995-2012). The second stage starts at 2 and continues up to 4 years old is also known as the â€Å"Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt† which stands for the fact that the child is actually asking if their person is ok and accepted by the others due to the fact that he starts to explore the close environment and gains motor abilities; at this stage the children are developing their first interests and the parents still play a fundamental role in encouraging and supporting the child`s autonomy and independency skills (Erikson, 1970). The third stage is also known as the Preschool stage â€Å"Initiative versus Guilt† starting at 4 until the child reaches 5 years old and although is a short stage the child development is significant as they start to master the nearest environment by achieving basic learning skills of life for instance the child learns that the things are falling down and not up. At this stage the child develops a certain level of independency and courage but at the same time they can develop some negative behaviour such as frustration, rudeness or aggressive intentions (Erikson, 1993). Between 5 and 12 years old is the stage of â€Å"Industry versus Inferiority† when the child is asking if they have a place in the world and becomes more aware of the fact that they are individuals, become more responsible, start to share more and to cooperate better in certain situations as they understand the meaning and sense of life to a deeper extend, at the same time the child discovers new talents and interests (Erikson, 1980). The fifth stage is the Adolescence starting at 13 up to 19 years old also known as â€Å"Identity versus Role Confusion† which stands for the crisis the teenager might experience when identifying their own personality; it is the most critical period as it could influence the person` s life as it is characterised by confusion in most cases, it will be critically appreciated in the last part of the essay. The sixth stage is the young adulthood starting at 20 up to 40 years old also called â€Å"Intimacy versus Isolation†, period governed by the conflict of love. Although, at this stage the identity crisis is coming to an end, the young adult can isolate because of the intimacy need and the fear of being rejected by the groups, overall the stage refers to the person`s need of finding the right partner for life (Erikson, 1990). The middle adulthood starts at 40 up to 64 years and is also known as â€Å"Generativity versus Stagnation† and is characterised by the adult intention and concern of helping and guiding the younger generation so the main focus of the adult is to contribute towards society development by offering support to the new generation (Erikson, 1980). The last stage described by Erikson is called the late adulthood starting at 65 till death also known as the â€Å"Ego Integrity versus Despair† when the adult is meditating upon their life events and what they have achieved throughout the life, if they realise that their life has been successfully will form integrity if not it can lead to despair and the feeling of failure (Erikson, 1980). One of the Erikson`s most talked stages of human development is the Adolescence which main focus is the teenager`s concern about how they look, how they are interpreted and accepted by their peers, friends and groups (Marcia, 1976). Erikson claims that in the late stage of adolescence the teenager develops a sexual identity which will define them as a person for their future life; the teenager makes a transition from the child to adult life which will actually mark their future roles in the society. The first stage of the transition is marked by the confusion of who the teenager wants to become, who they are at the moment and how will they be accepted by the society as an example of such uncertainty is the teenager`s preoccupation to fit into small jobs, they will try different roles such as babysitting or catering assistants until they will decide what they want to become in the future. Erikson claimed that eventually the teenager achieves a sense of identity but before that there is a crisis and a confusion stage which influences the teenager`s future decisions and interests; the period is critic as it can lead the teenager into bad groups, drugs, violence and other dangers since they are really confused and easy influenced so the parents must support and guide them towards the right path (Marcia, 1980). Erikson believes the transition is marked by the identity crisis which makes the stage unique as it becomes a synthesis of earlier stages and a kind of anticipation for the adulthood life as the youth stage is a bridge between child and adult experience (Fletcher and Branen, 2009). The stage is a radical change in terms of puberty, ability to search and find own life directions, awareness development of the society meanings and roles; the teenager is challenged to establish boundaries for themselves and this is when their identity crisis becomes hard to deal with, but Erikson believes the society will help and guide the adolescent to find their own way by offering different experiences which will impact the teenager`s interests and will define who they want to become as adults(Erikson, 1980). The theorist claims the identity crisis might be prolonged for some individuals due to the society and because it takes time to achieve certain life skills, personal interests and form a clear overview of the adult life, so there is no exact deadline for the teenager to create a life strategy, but Erikson thinks that by the age of 18 to 20 the adolescent must know their own interests and head to a certain direction in life gaining a psychological and social stability (Fletcher and Branen, 2009). Finally, Erikson thinks that the major impact and influence on a teenager identity crisis is the sociological environment the person lives in and the youth culture existing in that specific society, although the youth culture might be particular from a country to another or from a race to another, overall the youth policy needs to be SMART which stands for systematic, measurable, achievable, reliable and time related so that it will help the teenager to establish their own direction more clearly and investigate the opportunities they might have within the adult world (Kail and Cavanaugh, 2004).The way a teenager experiences the transition period impacts the future psychological, sociological and youth developmental skills, so Erikson believes it is fundamental what kind of â€Å"tools† the society and mostly the youth environment offers to the adolescent so they can choose from and establish their future path in terms of career opportunities, personality definition and overall place in the society (Oswalt, 1995-2012). As the essay showed, Erikson made a comprehensive induction in the human developmental stages emphasising the meaning and role of each stage; the infancy is governed by the love and care offered by the mother to the child, as the child grows up they become more independent and, have bigger autonomy but yet they are uncertain about their place in the world as the second stage described, at the age of preschool the child learns the basic skills and define their ego in order to become more responsible with own interests and talents towards the fourth stage. The fifth stage is governed by confusion as is the adolescence identity crisis when the teenager decides their future path, as a young adult the person will be interested in making a family and ensure they are loved; the middle age adult will be concerned in offering guidance, support and advice to the new generation of children but towards the late adult stage we saw that the retired person is concerned about their life events and motivated to meditate upon their life cycle. References: Elkind, D. (2004). Erik Erikson`s Eight Ages of Men. Module III Teaching Supplemental Handouts. Erikson, E. (1970). Reflections on the dissent of contemporary youth. International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 51 (11-12). Erikson, E. (1980). Identity and Life Cycle. New York: WW Norton and Company. Erikson, E. (1993). Childhood and Society. New York: WW Norton and Company, 242. Erikson, E. (1994). Biography: Lecture Notes and Ego Psychologists. PSY (345). Kail, R. and Cavanaugh, J. C. (2004). Human Development: a life span view (3rd Edition). Belmont CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 16. Marcia, J. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego identity statuses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 3 (551-558). Marcia, J. E. (1976). Identity six years after: a follow-up study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 5 (145-160). Marcia, J. E. (1980). Identity in Adolescence. Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. New York: Wiley. Oswalt, A. (1995-2012). Erik Erikson and self identity. Edited by Zupa nick Psychology Department MSW.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Existentialist Therapy Moderating Life s Journey

Existentialist Therapy: Moderating Life’s Journey Sara Schaedel National Louis University Existentialist Therapy: Moderating Life’s Journey â€Å"Man is nothing else but that which he makes of himself.† (1957, p. 1) Jean-Paul Sartre, one of the original existentialist philosophers inspired scholars like Viktor Frankl to develop a therapeutic form of counseling that facilitates cooperatively helping clients discover their true purpose in life to find meaning. â€Å"Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms – to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way.† (1993, p. 33) In this sentence, Frankl, who became one of the founders of existential therapy, summed†¦show more content†¦This work became the first piece of literature that actually defined existentialism as existentialism and became a cornerstone in the development of existentialist therapy. Prior to Sartre, Friedrich Nietzsche â€Å"was not a systematic philosopher but rather a moralist w ho passionately rejected Western bourgeois civilization.† (Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, 2013, p.1). This passionate rejection of Western bourgeois civilization lead him to develop his â€Å"will to power† philosophy. Nietzsche was said to have been inspired by the angst-laden Danish Philosopher Sà ¸ren Kierkegaard. Gerald Corey best summed up the contributions of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard stating that â€Å"their pioneering analyses of anxiety, depression, subjectivity, and the authentic self, together are generally considered to be the originators of the existential perspective.† (P. 141) It is the philosophies of individual appreciation, discovery and development presented by Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Sartre and other thinkers that inspired future therapists to develop their own existentialism-based method of counseling. In the mid 1900’s Viktor Frankl emerged after several years in the Auschwitz Nazi Death Camp as one of the founders of Existential Therapy. He was the developer of logotherapy: â€Å"therapy through meaning†. (Book cite here) Drawing on his experiences prior to and surviving the death camp, he worked with clients to help make the best of their lives no matter the circumstance. In his

Monday, December 30, 2019

A Comparison of Letter From Birmingham City Jail and I...

Martin Luther King Jr., one of the greatest speakers for the Black civil rights movement, had written many great works in his time. Two of his pieces stand out as his greatest works, Letter from Birmingham City Jail; a letter written from a jail in Birmingham where he was arrested for demonstrating peacefully, to clergymen who didnt agree with his views, and I Have a Dream; a speech given by King in front of the Washington Memorial at a huge civil rights tea party. Both works convey the same message: the time has come where Black Americans will not stand for civil injustices any longer. The way in which the works are written, however, are different, for one is a letter, to be read by a few, and the†¦show more content†¦Not only is this a show of intellect, but it is as well an appeal to the senses of his audience, for they are, after all, clergymen, and he has justified his actions on their terms. By the fifth paragraph, he has stopped trying to use rhetorical devices, and is well into stating the cold hard facts about the injustice of Birmingham. He states facts that were obvious to his audience, but they were unwilling to admit to themselves. Amongst them were the fact that Birmingham [was] probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States., and that Its ugly record of brutality [was] widely known. Not only that, but that Negroes [had] experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. There [had] been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation..These are the main point of the letter, the injustices that King is trying to get rid of. He goes on to explain how he could understand how they might be upset their . . . willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern.. By saying so, he has express a concern that he really does care about what they think. So, he goes on to explain that . . . there are two types of laws: just and unjust. He also explains that he . . . would be the first to advocate obeying just laws.One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey justShow MoreRelated The Rhetoric of Pathos in the Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.1141 Words   |  5 PagesThe Rhetoric of Pathos in the Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. I have a dream, says Dr. Samuel Proctor, Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor Emeritus of Rutgers University. All the little children--you hear everywhere you go: I have a dream. All the little children repeating that speech. Its become like the Star Spangled Banner or the Pledge of Allegiance. Its entered our culture. And so it has: I have a dream has become one of the most memorable phrases of the twentieth centuryRead MoreLetter From The Birmingham County Jail844 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Letter from the Birmingham County Jail† Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement was a time in which African Americans were setting out to end segregation, specifically in the south. During this time period, African Americans were treated unequally from the white people. African Americans were unable to eat in the same restaurants, shop in the same stores, or even drink out of the same drinking fountain. 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Washington High School and was admitted to  Morehouse College  at age 15.   | 1948 | Graduates from  Morehouse College  and enters Crozer Theological Seminary.   Ordained to the Baptist ministry, February 25, 1948, at age 19.   | 1951 | Enters  Boston University  forRead MoreEssay about Malcolm X vs Martin Luther King Jr1804 Words   |  8 PagesIn looking at how the actions of two of the Blount curriculum’s selected writers influenced historical change, progress, and thought I chose to focus on their respective views of race and race relations, in particular the Civil Rights Movement. I chose to write on the two diametrically opposed civil rights activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. In the 1960’s the African American community became increasingly active in the struggle for civil rights. Although the concept race is an arbitraryRead MoreSame Sex Marriage: Legal or Illegal2356 Words   |  10 Pagesthe idea of people of the same-sex marrying. They say it is unconstitutional, against the religion, and violates the laws of a regular marriage between a man and women. In Dr. Martin Luther King’s â€Å"Letter from a Birmingham Jail† he speaks about his right and being treat ed unconstitutionally. Just like he expressed in his letter, gays and lesbians are trying to get across to the American public. Same-sex marriage should be legal in all fifty states. The reasoning for same sex marriage to be illegalRead MoreResearch on Martin Luther King Jr And The Letter from the Birmingham Jail3397 Words   |  14 PagesResearch on Martin Luther King Jr And The Letter from the Birmingham Jail To me, Martin Luther King, Jr. is not an unfamiliar name. His famous speech I have a dream is partly selected as our English text in China. Although I know he is well known for the strong and affective words, Letter from Birmingham Jail still gave me a very deep impression. It is perfectly organized in a logical and thoughtful arrangement. On the other hand, the words are strong and full of real, impressive emotion. Read MoreA Colorblind Society Will Not Work1215 Words   |  5 PagesOur society have been longed plagued by the question, are we able to achieve a Color Blind Society. There are a number of factors which may contribute to the breakdown of this idea in question. While it may be simply addressing issues of equality among minorities it also raises the concerns of the non-minorities not to address racism and oppression. For a minority or anyone for that matter to state that we can and should have a color-blind society is ignoring the reality of racial existence andRead Mor eLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagessuperior job of presenting the structure of arguments. David M. Adams, California State Polytechnic University These examples work quite well. Their diversity, literacy, ethnic sensitivity, and relevancy should attract readers. Stanley Baronett. 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Saturday, December 21, 2019

Maynard And Maynard High School Essay - 810 Words

Maynard High School is located in rural Randolph County northeastern Arkansas. Randolph County is a majority rural county with Pocahontas (population under 7,000) being its largest city and Maynard (population under 500) being its second largest city. In 2013, the population was estimated to be 17,692 for the entire county (Randolph County, Arkansas, 2014). Over half the population lives in rural areas. The county is comprised of 96.9% White, 1% African American, 1.8% Hispanic or Latino, and less than 1% of Asian American and Native American (Randolph County, Arkansas, 2014). Maynard School District is the second largest school district in Randolph County. In the 2013-2014 school year, the district enrolled 460 students K-12 (ESEA Report, 2014). The high school (grades 7-12) comprised 213 of the 460 students with an attendance rate of 94.9% and a dropout rate of 0.47%. The high school is consists of 97.7% White, 1.4% Hispanic or Latino, and less than 1% mixed race. Low-income student s make up 69% of the student population and students that can receive special education comprises 11% (School Performance Report Card, 2013). Maynard High School has a class average size of 10 students per teacher. Teachers on average have 10 years of experience with 25% holding a Bachelor’s degree and 75% holding a Master’s degree. Teachers teaching core academic subjects are all considered to be highly qualified teachers (School Performance Report Card). Maynard High School is a focus schoolShow MoreRelatedCalifornia Should Adopt Oregon s Death With Dignity Law826 Words   |  4 Pagesenjoyed socializing economically and professionally (Karaim 455). The article â€Å"Brittany Maynard Death With Dignity Advocate for ‘Death With Dignity’ Dies† by Catherine E. Shoichet delivers the story of Brittany Maynard. She was diagnosed with brain cancer in 2012 and was told she had from 3-10 years to live. However, in another diagnose that she had she was told she only had about six months to live. Maynard graduated from Berkeley and obtained a Masters in Education from the University of IrvineRead MoreJohn Maynard Keynes s Economic Theory And Policy After World War II1307 Words   |  6 PagesAt the start of the Great Depression, people in all affected countries believed that a free market - based on supply and demand with no government control - would deliver full employment. John Maynard Keynes came up with a theory as a counterargument: that aggregate demand is the single most powerful force in any economy. Keynes explains that free markets are not able to balance themselves out enough to lead to the full employment everyone was waiting for. The 1930s gave rise to Keynes’ ideas, especiallyRead MoreKayne vs Hayek1370 Words   |  6 Pagesinfluenced the economics; â€Å"John Maynard Keynes† was born on June 5, 1883. 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This enables the teacher to easily bring the notes including the exer cises to be given to the student which thus increases the effectivenessRead MoreReading For Fun By The Naep ( National Assessment Of Education Progress1677 Words   |  7 Pagesthat is challenging to them, begin a task without being prompted, show serious effort and concentration while completing tasks, have a positive attitude toward learning and school work, will use coping strategies to overcome obstacles, and see tasks through until they are successful. Completely reading book outside of school is a challenging task that requires effort and concentration and the use of coping strategies while continuing to learn. What motivates a student to do something like that? ToRead MoreCase Study # 1 Adolescent Development1610 Words   |  7 Pages1967, Dr. David Elkind defined adolescent egocentrism as adolescents’ believing that everyone around them is as concerned about their appearance as they are. He reported that adolescents tend to relax with this idealism the older they ge t (Schwartz, Maynard, Uzelac page 441). Though the case study scenario depicts a younger student, the example it provides is relevant to the study. In chapter 2, Ericksons definition of identity is described as, â€Å"being at home with ones body† (Snowman, McGowan, BiehlerRead More John Maynard Keynes Essay examples4182 Words   |  17 PagesJohn Maynard Keynes John Maynard Keynes was born in 1883 which means he lived around the same time period as the seven creative individuals which Howard Gardner chose to focus on in his book Creating Minds. I chose to look at the life of Maynard Keynes because it is such a fascinating and diverse one. While entailing some of the same features found in the lives of those Gardner focused on, Maynards life includes a lot of differences and adds some interesting twists as well. It can only beRead MoreShould Euthanasia Be Legal?1656 Words   |  7 Pagesrecent cancer story that has been told everywhere on the media on the death-with-dignity law (Bagg). On October of 2014, the 29 year old Brittany Maynard with a fatal brain cancer chose to end her life. It all started in April of 2014, when a tumor on her brain became larger and more aggressive that is when Brittany looked into the end-of-life option (Maynard). According to Maynard’s article on CNN, from doctor visits to looking into the side effects for her full brain radiation to researching on deathRead MoreThe Face Of Physician Assisted Suicide Or Pas1862 Words   |  8 PagesIn 2014, Brittany Maynard became the face for those supporting physician assisted suicide or PAS. At 29 years old and newly married, Maynard was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer and immediately underwent a partial craniotomy and partial resection. Her tumor came back much stronger, however, and in April she was given six months to live. Maynard’s only treatment option to slow but not stop the growth of the tumor was full brain radiation, but she opted against this because of the unavoidable sideRead MoreEssay on John Maynard Keynes Versus Friederich A. Hayek603 Words   |  3 PagesTwo major economic thinkers of the of the early twentieth century, John Maynard Keynes and Friedrich A. Hayek, hold very different economic viewpoints. Keynes is among the most famous economic philosophers. Keynes, whos theories gained a reputation during the Gre at Depression in the 1930s, focused mainly on an economys bust. It is where the economy declines and finally bottoms-out, that Keynesian economics believes the answers lie for its eventual recovery. On the other hand, Hayek believed that

Friday, December 13, 2019

The Things They Carried †Dialogue and Materials Free Essays

Themes and Dialogue of O’Brien in The Things They Carried War has done many horrible things to many people throughout time all over the world. War experience filled with death, suspense, and constant fear has swept through millions and millions of people who are still scared by the horrific experience. To some so horrific that a normal life, post war, was almost unbearable. We will write a custom essay sample on The Things They Carried – Dialogue and Materials or any similar topic only for you Order Now But some were able to take the experience and share it to the world. Tim O’Brien is a perfect example of this. O’Brien was born in 1946 in the Midwest, but once of age was drafted into the Vietnam War. O’Brien only served for one year from 1969 to 1970, but nevertheless, the memories gathered in that year lasted him a lifetime. (Herzog) These memories, though some held them in, O’Brien used them to transform his writings to some of the most accurate and touching pieces about war in our generation. They established O’Brien as on of the most important soldier-authors of the Vietnam generation; furthermore, they establish his reputation as one of America’s most notable postmodernist writers – not only for his themes but also for the structure of his books and his exploration from multiple perspectives of problematic nature of truth and reality† (Herzog, 78). O’Brien was a man who had an objective to be original and construct all of his memories to others the best way he could. And the only way to do that was his way. In an interview of O’Brien, Herzog quotes from him â€Å"In this new book [The Things They Carried] I forced myself to try and invent a form. I had never invented form before. † His writings are unique and compared to the normal dialogue of introducing characters; O’Brien takes a different approach and makes his own style. In the book The Things They Carried, O’Brien uses materialistic belongings to show his experiences from a different perspective on war and the people in it without the immediate use of dialogue. O’Brien’s story The Things They Carried is a story of company of men that are in the Vietnam War. These men are normal people, called into duty of war by draft. Though each person is not introduced by age, and what their history was, they way they are introduced is by what they carry in their endless walk through unknown jungles. But though they are introduced by only what their position and what they carry, the personal level of knowing a character is better than ever. The first man introduced is First Lieutenant Jimmy Cross. He is the leader of all the men and whom everyone answers to. But for a man that is the one in charge his mind is everywhere but on the war. He carries letters and two photos from a girl named Martha from home and keeps a pebble in his mouth that she sent him. He is madly in love with her but all of her letters are not love letters from a significant other but just friendly letters. â€Å"They were not love letters, but Lieutenant Cross was hoping, so he kept them folded in plastic at the bottom of his rucksack† (LaPlante, 79). He wants to be focused on the war but his loving thoughts of her haunts him and takes him away from the reality of war he is in. It took him as much as a fellow soldier getting shot in the head before he knew how much a problem he had. The machine gunner was a man by the name of Henry Dobbins. Being the machine gunner he had to carry a twenty-three pound gun unloaded, but it was always loaded, and fifteen pounds worth of ammunition strapped around his chest and shoulders. Personally he was introduced as a big man that carried Black Flag insecticide, and extra food rations. Though not a huge introduction, he can still be known as a person but also with some mystery of who he is. From his belongings, Sanders can be seen as a big man that would be a brute force character in the company, but also a vital part to the company. His responsibility as the machine gunner with all the weight and his importance in battle puts him as a leader and a trusted man that people can rely to. His character and personality as a strong man, who can be there when he is needed, and do whatever needs to be done can be seen alone from O’Brien’s writings without any dialogue needed. Just from his position and his responsibilities his character even personality can be understood and noticed. The RTO or the man who had to carry the radio was named Mitchell Sanders. The radio he had to carry was twenty-six pounds with its battery. He also carries condoms and starched tiger fatigues for special occasions. He is an important man to the crew but he also can be seen as a light guy, more some of the others. He carries condoms even with no need for them at all and Norman Bowker, one of the other soldiers, carries a thumb that Sanders had cut off of a Vietnamese kid only fifteen or sixteen. So Sanders can be seen as not as much of a serious guy but still responsible enough to have the responsibilities of the holding on the their only way of communication. Dave Jensen was introduced with being all about personal hygiene. He carried a toothbrush, dental floss, several bars of soap taken from hotels, three extra pairs of socks, and Dr. Scholl’s foot powder for trench foot, earplugs, and extra sand bags for extra protection at night, and for superstitious reasons a rabbit’s foot. His position in the company is never mentioned but immediately by looking at all of the things he carries, it is seen he carries almost twice as much as anyone else. Through his items his personality of being over cautious stands out. He is not a very big character in the story but because of how O’Brien clearly shows how cautious and scared he is to make him a bigger character. Everyone is important in the company and when O’Brien talks about Jensen, he is referring to a quarter of the soldiers that were in war that were just like him. Though these are just a few to the many he introduces to the reader, all from O’Brien’s different writing style can be experienced and enjoyed more. O’Brien with his writings uses materials of what the soldiers carry to almost control the reader about how to feel about the character, and used this writing style in other books of his. His writing style can take you inside of the different soldiers heart and mind and with the different stories in The Things They Carried other detail are added to the story so nobody can know if his stories are real or true. This gives readers more freedom to have personal opinions. â€Å"The element of perception has to do with uncertainty†¦. The whole stew of variables determines what we perceive and what call real† (Herzog, Interview). O’Brien’s writing style all has a purpose with its creativity. The Things that they carry are not only the materialistic things that the soldiers personally have but it could be anything. â€Å"Things is framed around the burdens we carry, not just war, not just physical, but spiritual as well† (Herzog, Interview). Just telling a story wasn’t enough; O’Brien wanted the reader to live it, to experience it like he did with his writing style. He wanted to tell you the story but leave mystery, his writing style was an attempt to expand readers mind further than ever before. O’Brien said, â€Å"A good piece of fiction, in my view, does not offer solutions. Good stories deal with our moral struggles, our uncertainties, our dreams, our blunders, our contradictions, our endless quest for understanding. Good stories do not resolve the mysteries of the human spirit but rather descried and expand upon those mysteries† (LaPlante, 587) Sources 1. Herzog, Tobey C. Tim O’Brien. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1997. Print. 2. Egri, Lajos. The art of dramatic writing. Touchstone, 1960. Print. 3. LaPlante, Alice. Method and Madness. W W Norton ; Co Inc, 2009. Print. 4. Herzog, Tobey C. Unpublished interview with Tim Obrien. Cambridge, Mass. , 11-12 July 1995 How to cite The Things They Carried – Dialogue and Materials, Essay examples

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Independence at Fourteen Years Old free essay sample

January is a pointless month. It’s the beginning of the new year, but the middle of the school year, with the days getting shorter and the nights getting colder. January doesnt make much sense if you ask me, it seems like just an ordinary month. However, in 2014, January altered my life forever. Wednesday, January 8th, 2014, still haunts me. The thoughts about that day always seem to rush back. I compare it to being locked in a room with no way out. My mom was curling my hair and I remember that night was filled with laughter, but around 11pm my father died of a heart attack. Living with two parents my entire life and suddenly having one ripped away was a shock. My mom has always struggled with bipolar depression, and has a difficulty being there for me emotionally, but I’m extremely grateful to have her around. My dad played a huge role in my life, because he would sometimes have to play the role of both parents. We will write a custom essay sample on Independence at Fourteen Years Old or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page My dad’s absence took me awhile to get used to, because he was the kind of person I could always count on. My dad supported everything I did throughout my childhood.Although I was never the best player on the team, he was always in the stands watching me with a smile I could see from a mile away cheering me on. I relied on him for almost everything, and at the age of fourteen, independence was not something I was ready for. Days after his funeral I finally had to go back to school and attempt to return to normalcy. When I walked down the halls I received sympathetic stares. People I’d never talk to kept on reaching out to me: â€Å"If you need anything, let me know.† Acquaintances were acting like we’ve always been best friends, and teachers were now always checking on me, making sure I was okay. School was already a struggle, but this made the days even worse. To top it off, school was getting even harder, and my dad’s passing made me just want to give up. I had already felt like freshman year was challenging, but now my grades were going down the toilet, and I didn’t know how to fix it. Unfortunately, my home life negatively affected my performance in school, and I struggled to live up to my true potential. When I want to achieve something, I have always tried my hardest to strive for it. Although I forced much controversy my freshman and sophomore years of high school, I did not want to give up.I always dreamt about going to college, and hope to be an English teacher after high school. I watched my older sister graduate from high school and then attend the University of Delaware; her success inspired me. In my junior year of high school, I really started to focus in school, studied hard at home, and attended extra help sessions every time my teachers offered them. My grades started to reflect my efforts, and I was inspired to do more. I finally discovered my passion for creative writing, and I even participated in poetry readings. Also, I got a lifeguarding job during the last few summers, and started earning my own money. I didn’t rely on my parents as much as I did in my past;I learned to rely on myself. My dads death was an extremely traumatic experience in my life. His death taught me that you can’t depend on one person for everything. People will come and go and no matter how important they are in your life, you have to learn to become independent. The struggles in my life shaped me into the person I am, and although my life wasn’t easy, I would not change the person I have become today.